The development of hydraulic presses has a history of more than 100 years. As early as 1859-1861, the 10000kN hydraulic press for metal processing was manufactured in the mechanical manufacturing department of Vienna, Europe. In 1884, Manchester, England first used a forged hydraulic press for forging steel ingots. By the 1940s Germany had produced a 30,000 kN die forging hydraulic press. At the same time, some small hydraulic presses have also been used in the ceramic and refractory industries.
The hydraulic system of the hydraulic press uses water as the working medium, but it is gradually replaced by hydraulic oil because of its many disadvantages (such as low viscosity, poor lubricity, rusting metal, easy evaporation, etc.). In the 1960s, industrial developed countries developed special hydraulic brick presses in the refractory industry and gradually formed a series of products.
With the development of large-scale, high-density and multi-variety refractory products, the hydraulic brick press has a tonnage of 30,000 kN to 50000 kN, and a fully automatic hydraulic brick press with a multi-functional auxiliary system has appeared. China developed a fully automatic hydraulic brick press from 8000kN to 12000kN in the early 1970s, which has been widely used in the refractory industry.